WHAT IS PATRA, PANCHANG & JYOTISH?
(‘Excerpt taken from Dr. Robert Svoboda’s book, ‘THE LIGHT OF LIFE” – An excellent Vedic book)
Jyotish began as the eye of the Veda, the means through which one ‘sees to’ the correct performance of Vedic ritual. While those seers who were living calendars could ‘see to’ their rituals without external aids, those ritualists who lacked such knacks relied on Jyotish for scheduling assistance. Accordingly, ever since the Vedic era (or before) Jyotish’s chief function in society has been to construct and maintain the calendar, the time schedule which enables prediction of cyclical celestial phenomena for ritual purposes.
Calendrical material, including especially the five measurements known as the panchanga, has for ages in India been compiled into a type of astrological almanac that is also called Panchanga. Almanacs have a venerable history, the earliest yet discovered being, it seems, a set of markings recorded on mammoth bones about 30,000 years ago which appear to chronicle to phases of the Moon. Written almanacs may have originated in the eighth century B.C. in the form of Babylonian clay tables which list equinoxes, solstices, eclipses and lunar phases. Most learned jyotishis of today, who still need to be well versed in calendrical matters in order to select appropriate times for religious and social functions, continue to rely on the Panchanga as their source of celestial data.
In addition to providing precise planetary positions, the Panchanga predicts the weather, as well as the local, national and global political, economic and social climate. It combines detailed information on religious holidays and how to observe them with advice on how to select auspicious moments and avoid inauspicious times according to direction. A Panchanga’s pages may also list mantras meant to ward off the undesirable effects of each graha, together with the prescribed number of recitations of each and a short description of the rituals involved in their recitation. Ordinary VEDICs revere the Panchanga as a verbal embodiment or source book of the sacred Jyotish, and many people literally worship it accordingly.
WHAT IS THE VEDIC PATRA? – IT IS THE VEDIC ASTROLOGICAL CALENDAR OF THE HINDUS..THE JYOTISH HANDBOOK!!!
Bepin Behari says,
The relevance of Vedic knowledge has greatly increased with the rapid growth of modern science and technology. Knowledge of the expanding universe, the development of international communication, and the spread of a materialistic way of life are modern developments that have stimulated insecurity and caused people to lose faith in life.
The individual human being has become indistinct, having lost his uniqueness.
Man faces a dilemma in that traditional values no longer satisfy modern emotional and intellectual needs while the human mind has developed to a point where it cannot blindly accept just any philosophy. The Vedic concept of life – the identity between the individual and the universe, the possibility of an unlimited growth and expansion of human faculties — couched as it is in a different symbolism or abstract philosophy, transcends the understanding of most people. Unless such inner knowledge can convincingly demonstrate to the inquiring mind, it will not be accepted. Yet, with an objective study of the principles of Vedic Code of Science , it is possible to demonstrate that an individual’s personal life, in spite of innumerable frustrations and immense complications, is looked after and guided by natural forces and cosmic intelligence. There is nothing “good” or “bad” in this world, there is only one’s fearful or accepting reactions to the projections. At the moment when all reactions have ceased and the full range of one’s internal projection can be seen objectively in its awesome totality, at that moment one sees how amazingly creative the mind is! Wow! Every leaf on every tree, every glance from every other human and animal, every pang of love and sorrow – one’s own mind created all that!
We are spiritual beings, having a human experience.”
Pierre Teillard de Chardin